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Wednesday, May 18

  1. page Tunisia - Ethan Paulson edited TunisiaBy, Ethan Paulson {Tunisia-flag.gif} FlagRed is a traditional color of Islam and was the c…
    TunisiaBy, Ethan Paulson
    {Tunisia-flag.gif} FlagRed is a traditional color of Islam and was the color adopted by the Ottoman Empire who ruled Tunisia from late 16th century until 1881. It also came to represent resistance against Turkish supremacy. The crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam and are also considered to be lucky symbols. The white circle represents the sun.
    **Physical Geography**Physical Geography
    Tunisia covers 63,170 square miles (163,610 square kilometers) and is slightly larger than the U.S. state of Georgia. Hundreds of miles of sandy beaches line Tunisia's Mediterranean coastline. The coastal plains on the east rise to a north-south escarpment that slopes gently to the west. The Sahara Desert lies in the southernmost part. Tunisia is more mountainous in the north, where the Atlas range continues from Algeria.
    {map_of_Tunisia.jpg} ·Map of Tunisia· Capital: Tunis
    · Geographic coordinates: 34 00 N, 9 00 E total: 163,610 sq km
    · Land: 155,360 sq km
    ...
    · Highest point: Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m
    · Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt
    Population {Tunisi_Pop.jpg} Population density map of Tunisia.
    · Population 10,629,186 (July 2011 est.)
    · Age structure: 0-14 years: 23.2% (male 1,274,348/female 1,193,131)
    ...
    · Celebrations - Secular holidays are New Year's Day, Independence Day (20 Mar.), Martyr's Day (9 Apr.), Labor Day (1 May), Republic Day (25 July), Women's Day (13 Aug.), Evacuation Day (the day in 1963 when the last of the French troops returned to France, 15 October), and the Second Revolution (the day that Ben Ali assumed power, 7 November). Muslim holidays follow the lunar calendar. The most important holiday period is Ramadan, a month of fasting and prayer. While Muslims do not eat, drink, or smoke from sunrise to sundown each day during Ramadan, they participate in lively evenings that involve special foods, carnivals, shopping, and festivals. Eid al-Saghir, a two-day holiday, marks the end of Ramadan. People wear their best clothes to visit friends and relatives, and they trade pastries as presents.
    · Marriage/Dating - Western dating practices were traditionally considered unacceptable, but attitudes are gradually changing. Rural marriages—sometimes between cousins—often are still arranged by parents, but urban youth have increasing opportunities to meet and become acquainted independently. Their parents still have a strong voice in whom they marry, but the couples have the final say. In all areas, weddings and social gatherings provide a chance for young people to meet. Tunisian men often delay marriage, as a man is expected to provide a considerable dowry to the bride's family before a marriage can take place. Traditional weddings, particularly in rural areas, are celebrated over several days, even weeks, through ritualized ceremonies and parties.
    Government{Foued-Mebazaa1.jpg} Fouad M'BAZAA (Chief of State)Government
    Tunisia is a republic divided into 24 governorates. The central government is headed by a president, who is elected to a five-year term. The president appoints a prime minister and a Council of Ministers. Members of the lower house of Parliament, the 214-seat Chamber of Deputies (Majlis al-Nuwaab), are directly elected to five-year terms. Parliament's upper house is the 126-seat Chamber of Councilors. Elected officials (from the lower house and city councils) choose 85 of its members to represent unions and governorates; the president appoints the remaining 41 members. The voting age is 18. The RCD is the dominant party.
    · Chief of state: Interim President Fouad M'BAZAA (since 15 January 2011); note - an interim government took office on 17 January 2011 to replace the government of former President Zine el Abidine BEN ALI
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    Ethnic/Religious Makeup
    Islam is the official religion, and 98 percent of Tunisians are Muslim. The majority are Sunni Muslims of the Malikite tradition, as founded by Malik ibn Anas. He codified Islamic traditions and stressed the importance of community consensus (as opposed to Shiʿi Muslims, who instead emphasize the authority of Muhammad's descendants). Islam plays an important role in daily life, especially during family events such as births, circumcisions, weddings, and burials. Friday is Islam's holy day; government offices and many businesses close at 1 p.m. Muslims accept the Qurʾan as scripture, believing it was revealed by Allah (God) to the prophet Muhammad. Abraham is honored as the father of Muslims. Muhammad is considered the last and greatest prophet. In addition to attending Friday prayer services at the mosque, devout Muslims pray five times daily. However, most Tunisians do not strictly follow this practice. In villages without mosques, zawiyya (small mausoleums built in memory of especially holy men) are the main centers for religious activity. One percent of the population is Christian and a smaller number is Jewish.
    Problems{Revolt.jpg} Tunisian RevoltProblems
    1. Toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and poses health risks
    2. Water pollution from raw sewage
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Tuesday, May 17

  1. page Tunisia - Ethan Paulson edited TunisiaBy, Ethan Paulson Flag Red {Tunisia-flag.gif} FlagRed is a ... from late {Tunisia-fl…
    TunisiaBy, Ethan Paulson
    Flag
    Red
    {Tunisia-flag.gif} FlagRed is a
    ...
    from late {Tunisia-flag.gif} 16th16th century until
    ...
    the sun.
    **Physical Geography**

    Tunisia covers 63,170 square miles (163,610 square kilometers) and is slightly larger than the U.S. state of Georgia. Hundreds of miles of sandy beaches line Tunisia's Mediterranean coastline. The coastal plains on the east rise to a north-south escarpment that slopes gently to the west. The Sahara Desert lies in the southernmost part. Tunisia is more mountainous in the north, where the Atlas range continues from Algeria.
    ·{map_of_Tunisia.jpg} · Capital: Tunis
    · Geographic coordinates: 34 00 N, 9 00 E total: 163,610 sq km
    · Land: 155,360 sq km
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    11:46 am
  2. page Tunisia - Ethan Paulson edited TunisiaBy, Ethan Paulson Flag ... from late 16th {Tunisia-flag.gif} 16th century until .…
    TunisiaBy, Ethan Paulson
    Flag
    ...
    from late 16th{Tunisia-flag.gif} 16th century until
    ...
    the sun.
    Physical Geography

    Tunisia covers 63,170 square miles (163,610 square kilometers) and is slightly larger than the U.S. state of Georgia. Hundreds of miles of sandy beaches line Tunisia's Mediterranean coastline. The coastal plains on the east rise to a north-south escarpment that slopes gently to the west. The Sahara Desert lies in the southernmost part. Tunisia is more mountainous in the north, where the Atlas range continues from Algeria.
    · Capital: Tunis
    (view changes)
    11:44 am
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