Turkey- Lacey Rohrich


Turkey's flag turkey_flag.jpgis red with a white crescent moon and a star in its center. It was adopted on June 5th, 1936. A nickname for the flag is "red banner". Red has been a prominent color in Turkish flags for 700 years. The star and crescent are Muslim symbols.









Turkey's absolute location is located in the northern hemisphere. It is located between 36 degrees and 42 degrees north, and 26 degrees - 45 degrees east. The relative location rests between the Mediterranean and Black Sea, and East of Greece. Turkey is bordered by eight different countries, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq, and Syria. Some key cities in Turkey include Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Bursa, and Adana.

For more information..
http://www.asiatravel.com/maps/turkey/turkey_location_map.html

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY-

Some maountain ranges that run through Turkey include all of the Anatolian Mountain Ranges. Also located in the country is the Anatolian peninsula. The Anatolian peninsula is the westernmost point of Asia, and is divided from Europe by the Bosphorus and Dardanelles straits. Some of the main rivers that run through Turkey include the Euphrates, Tigris, and the Kizilirmak. Turkey is relative in size to Texas and is larger by 33,000 sq. miles. Turkey's climate includes temperate, hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters. Climate zones include Mediteranean, Continential, and Black Sea.

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For more information...
http://www.allaboutturkey.com/cografya.htm
http://www.worldturkey.com/tourisminfo/turkeysphysicalgeography.html

POPULATION-

The total population of Turkey by July this year is estimated to be 78,785,548. The capital is Ankara and its population is 3.846 million people. Turkeys growth rate is 1.235%. The birthrate is 17.93 births/1,000 population, and the deaths sit at 6.1 deaths/1,000 population. The population density is 79 persons per sq. km. (206 per sq. mi.).

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For more information...
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html

SOCIOLOGY-

Marriage is almost universal in Turkey. By the time women have reached their early thirties, 93% are or have been married, by the end of their reproductive years, only 2% of women have never married. The divorce rate is 0.5 per 1,000 population per year. On average, households in turkey contain 4.3 persons. Only 5% of Turkish households are single-person households. Most often extended family live nearby with eachother.
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For more information...
http://family.jrank.org/pages/1718/Turkey-Family-Life-Structure.html

GOVERNMENT-

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Turkey is a constitutional republic. Abdullah Gul is the predident and head of the country. The braches of government are legislative, excecutive, and judicial.



CUSTOMS-
In Turkey to nod ones head to indicate yes. Shaking ones head will give people the impression you don't understand something. While sitting with Turkish people it is considered rude to expose the sole of your foot so that it points in the direction of others. It is a traditional Turkish custom to sit on the floor cross legged. Pointing fingers at others is also considered rude.

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For more information...
http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/articles/article/Turkey/Customs-in-Turkey/138

ECONOMY-
The major cities of western Anatolia are cosmopolitan centers of industry, finance, and trade, whereas the eastern part of the country is relatively underdeveloped. Industry is Turkey's leading economic sector. World War I and the War of Independence (1919-22) also had extensively disrupted the Turkish economy. At the fall of the Ottoman Empire Turkeys economy struggled. Exports from Turkey include apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, and metal manufactures. Imports include machinery, chemicals, and fuels.

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For more informaion...
http://www.mongabay.com/reference/country_studies/turkey/ECONOMY.html


CULTURE-

For more information...
**http://www.turkishculture.org/**


ETHNIC/RELIGION MAKEUP-

Most adult Kurds are Sunni Muslims. One-third of the total Kurdish population in Turkey belongs to a Shia Muslim section known as Alevi. In addition to the Kurdish Alevi, many of the nation's estimated 700,000 to 1 million Arabs are Alevi. A significant number of Alevi are ethnic Turks. Islam is the largest religion of Turkey. About 97% of the Turkish population is Muslim. There is no official religion, and the constitution recognizes freedom of religion for individuals. The people rohibit by law the wearing of religious headscarves and symbolic garments in government buildings, schools, and universities.
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For more information...
http://countrystudies.us/turkey/23.htm

PROBLEMS-
1. Forced evaucations
2. Getting oil to market
3. A fractious people
4. Military and political problems
5. Fears Over Water


For more information...
http://eurasia-research.com/1118kinnane.htm

BIBLIOGRAPHY-

http://www.asiatravel.com/maps/turkey/turkey_location_map.html
http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/articles/article/Turkey/Customs-in-Turkey/138
http://www.allaboutturkey.com/cografya.htm
http://www.worldturkey.com/tourisminfo/turkeysphysicalgeography.html
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html
http://family.jrank.org/pages/1718/Turkey-Family-Life-Structure.html
http://countrystudies.us/turkey/23.htm
http://www.mongabay.com/reference/country_studies/turkey/ECONOMY.html

QUESTIONS-

1. True or False: the majority of Turkey are christians.
2. True or False: almost all married couples become divorced.
3. Which is an insult to the Turkish?
  • a. nodding your head
  • b. shaking hands
  • c. lifting your sole of your shoe in their direction
4. The main religions in Turkey are what
  • a. muslim and islam
  • b. christian and buddhist
  • c. christian and hindu
5. Most average households contain how many people
  • 6
  • 4
  • 2