Pedro Ruiz III
Kazakhstan

kazakhstan.gif

Kazakhstan
A.L
48°00'N latitude and 68°00'E longitude
Kazakhstans neihbors are Russia to the north and west, China to the east, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgystan to the south.
Major Cities
Astana, Almaty, Taraz, Oral, Aqtau, Semey.

800px-Flag_of_Kazakhstan_svg.png
Falg History:
The flag represents the artistic and cultural traditions of the old Khanate and Kazakh people. The light blue represents the various Turkic peoples who make up today's population of the country - including the Tatars, Mongols, Uyghurs and others. The blue has a religious background, representing the Sky God to many of these people. The steppe eagle and the sun represent freedom of their flight towards greater heights and fulfillment of Life.
Their flag was made on June 4, 1992 when Kazakhstan gained independence from the Soviet Union on December 16, 1991.
The original Kazakhstan flag that was made in 1992 and had a red ornament that was soon changed to gold.

Major Features
Lakes: Lake Balkhash, Lake Zaysan, Lake Tengriz, and Lake Alakol
Seas: Caspian Sea and Aral Sea
Rivers: Irtysh, Ural, Tobol, Ishim, Emba
Major Mountains
Altai Mountains
Tian Shan Mountains
Landforms
Betpaqdala Desert
Ustyurt Plateau
Kirgiz Steppe
Saryarqa Upland
Size Comparision.
Kazakhstan is the 9th Largest country in the World and is a little smaller then the State of Texas.
Total Surface Area
1,049,150 square miles


Total Population
15,301,546
Major Cities
Astana, Almaty, Taraz, Oral, Aqtau, Semey.
Capital
Astana
Almaty is the largest city in Kazakhstan, population of 1,230,765.

Sociology
Year
Birth rate
Rank
Percent Change
Date of Information
2003
18.36
126

2003 est.
2004
15.78
140
-14.05 %
2004 est.
2005
15.78
140
0.00 %
2005 est.
2006
16
139
1.39 %
2006 est.
2007
16.23
135
1.44 %
2007 est.
2008
16.44
131
1.29 %
2008 est.
2009
16.6
126
0.97 %
2009 est.
2010
16.66
121
0.36 %
2010 est.
2011
16.65
122
-0.06 %
2011 est.

Customs
Holidays – Independence day December 16 (1991)

Government
republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch
President of Kazakhstan is Nursultan Nazarbayev

Economy
GDP-
$12,800 (2010 est.)
$12,000 (2009 est.)
$11,900 (2008 est.)-
exports-
$59.23 billion (2010 est.)
$43.84 billion (2009 est.)
imports-
$30.11 billion (2010 est.)
$28.77 billion (2009 est.)
Agriculture products
grain (mostly spring wheat), cotton; livestock

I think that this is an alright country that may be in the process of developing.

Culture
Sports
Boxing
Cross-country skiing
Cycling
Football
Ice Hockey
Rhythmic Gymnastics
Rugby
Kazakhstan Rugby Union
Speed Skating
Bandy
national team
Language
Kazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%
Russian (official, used in everyday business) 95%
Literacy
age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.5%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.3%
Rank: 19

Ethics
Kazakh (Qazaq) 53.4%
Russian 30%
Ukrainian 3.7%
Uzbek 2.5%
German 2.4%
Tatar 1.7%
Uighur 1.4%
other 4.9%
Religious
Muslim 47%
Russian Orthodox 44%
Protestant 2%
other 7%

Problems/Solutions
1 Enviormental Issue- they have been exposed to high nuclear radiation levels?
Solution they have 30 uranium mine and they should get rid atleast 15 of them
2 there has been some mismanagement of irrigation projects that has affected the Aral Sea levels droping by 50%?
Solution they should be more accountable by cleaning up the areas around the Aral Sea and the communtity
3 Air pollution levels have been increasing the damage off acid rain?
Solution they should decrease their industry levels of fossil fuels constrution
4 The wildlife is in danger of extinction due to their pollution levels
Solution they should decrease their industry levels of fossil fuels constrution
5 they stopped testing atomic bombs due to the dangerous fallout
i think this is a good thing that they stopped this because they are not causing anymore airpollution.